Management of Dysarthria and Dysphagia in Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Purpose: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurologic disease that frequently affects speech and swallowing. The purpose of this article is to emphasize the role of the speech-language pathologist (SLP) in management of the progressive speech and swallowing symptoms. Methods: A review of the neurologic degeneration and resulting symptoms ... Article
Article  |   June 01, 2010
Management of Dysarthria and Dysphagia in Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Darlene E. Graner
    Department of Neurology, Division of Speech Pathology. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
  • Edythe A. Strand
    Department of Neurology, Division of Speech Pathology. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Dysarthria / Swallowing, Dysphagia & Feeding Disorders / Special Populations / Articles
Article   |   June 01, 2010
Management of Dysarthria and Dysphagia in Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
SIG 2 Perspectives on Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, June 2010, Vol. 20, 39-44. doi:10.1044/nnsld20.2.39
SIG 2 Perspectives on Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, June 2010, Vol. 20, 39-44. doi:10.1044/nnsld20.2.39
Abstract

Purpose: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurologic disease that frequently affects speech and swallowing. The purpose of this article is to emphasize the role of the speech-language pathologist (SLP) in management of the progressive speech and swallowing symptoms.

Methods: A review of the neurologic degeneration and resulting symptoms of ALS are presented, including the cognitive, sensory and speech-language changes that accompany the progressive motor impairment. The important role of the SLP on a multidisciplinary team is described. Approaches to management of both swallowing and speech are discussed.

Results and Conclusions: ALS is a progressive, degenerative neurologic disease. SLPs play a vital role in helping patients maintain effective communication and manage dysphagia symptoms.

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