Mechanisms and Sequelae of Blast Injuries Civilians and military personnel involved in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in Afghanistan are sustaining attacks by rocket-propelled grenades, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and land mines on an almost daily basis (Scott, Belanger, Vanderploeg, Massengale, & Scholten, 2006). Brain injury is being recognized as the ... Article
Article  |   October 01, 2007
Mechanisms and Sequelae of Blast Injuries
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Carole R. Roth
    Naval Medical Center, San Diego, CA
Article Information
Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Traumatic Brain Injury / Articles
Article   |   October 01, 2007
Mechanisms and Sequelae of Blast Injuries
SIG 2 Perspectives on Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, October 2007, Vol. 17, 20-24. doi:10.1044/nnsld17.3.20
SIG 2 Perspectives on Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, October 2007, Vol. 17, 20-24. doi:10.1044/nnsld17.3.20
Civilians and military personnel involved in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in Afghanistan are sustaining attacks by rocket-propelled grenades, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and land mines on an almost daily basis (Scott, Belanger, Vanderploeg, Massengale, & Scholten, 2006). Brain injury is being recognized as the signature injury of the current conflict. Yet, the traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) that result from these attacks differ from brain injuries traditionally associated with previous war-related injuries. The majority of combat-related injuries are the result of blasts from IEDs used by terrorists and insurgents. IED blasts generate a cascade of events that cause injuries beginning with the initial explosion and evolving from the secondary, tertiary, and quaternary effects (Finkel, 2006).
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