Neuroanatomical Review of Mechanisms Important to Speech Motor Control Speech-language pathologists face many challenges in assessment and treatment of individuals with neurologic communication disorders. An understanding of the basic neuroanatomic and neurophysiology correlates of speech-language disorders is important in forming clinical hypotheses, choosing assessment tasks, forming opinions about severity and prognosis, and planning treatment. The purpose of this ... Article
Article  |   June 01, 2007
Neuroanatomical Review of Mechanisms Important to Speech Motor Control
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Kimberly Farinella-Bocian
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
  • Edythe Strand
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
  • Eduardo Benarroch
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosody / Articles
Article   |   June 01, 2007
Neuroanatomical Review of Mechanisms Important to Speech Motor Control
SIG 2 Perspectives on Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, June 2007, Vol. 17, 8-12. doi:10.1044/nnsld17.2.8
SIG 2 Perspectives on Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, June 2007, Vol. 17, 8-12. doi:10.1044/nnsld17.2.8
Speech-language pathologists face many challenges in assessment and treatment of individuals with neurologic communication disorders. An understanding of the basic neuroanatomic and neurophysiology correlates of speech-language disorders is important in forming clinical hypotheses, choosing assessment tasks, forming opinions about severity and prognosis, and planning treatment. The purpose of this article is to provide a review of three basic neuromotor systems and how deficits may result in particular speech disorders. Using a case-based approach, this manuscript will briefly review upper and lower motor neurons, the basal ganglia, and the cerebellum. This discussion is not meant to be a comprehensive summary of each system, but provides the speech-language pathologist a brief review and a starting place for continued study.
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